About Ahmed Shafik

Ahmed Shafik was born in May of 1933, the son of the now deceased Ali Moustafa and Hanim of Shebin-El-Kom, Egypt.  The youngest of four brothers and a sister, he grew up in the little township of .Shebin-El-Kom, the capital of the Menoufia Governorate, where he obtained his governmental high school certificate in 1950.  He entered the Cairo University  Faculty of Medicine, and after graduation in 1957, started his academic career as a house officer in the faculty affiliated 'Kasr-El-Aini' Teaching Hospital.  He enrolled in postgraduate courses while proceeding as registrar, then assistant lecturer,  and in 1962,  after obtaining his M.D. degree with the thesis entitled 'Adrenocortical Function in Stress Conditions',  was appointed lecturer to this faculty.  From 1970 he was assistant professor until he habilitated as professor of surgery in 1975.  Ahmed Shafik is married to Dr. Olfat El-Sibai, a professor of surgery, and is the father of two sons,  Ali and Ismail.  He currently makes his home on the Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road near the Gizeh Pyramids, and has a private and a separate scientific office in the center of Cairo.  

Not only is Ahmed Shafik a renowned surgeon, but as a devoted researcher is making major contributions to medical science.  The main feature in his surgical research work is the distinct trend to simplicity and simplification, soundly supported by accurate investigations of anatomically, physiologically and pathologically relevant factors.  Since he was a student, his attitude of questioning what is commonly accepted or taken for granted, and his unorthodox approach of matters, are earning him recognition as much as criticism.  In 1963, he was arrested from work for 3 months when he was developing his new technique for urinary diversion, which was later published in the Journal of Urology and is known internationally as 'Shafik I.'.  Likewise in 1964, when he was working on fashioning an artificial bladder, an operation which was published in the British Journal of Urology and in the literature is referred to as 'Shafik II',   the 'Establishment' interfered to arrest him from work for a full 12 months.  Again in 1967, he surprised the world with the first ever known bladder transplantation, which, although successful, put him up in disciplinary measures with the administration.  However, with the results of his operations speaking for themselves,   he was encouraged rather than demoralized.  It was urological research that stimulated his investigations into a side branch, andrology, to reveal new anatomical, physiological and pathological evidence, published in over 100 research articles and books.  Urological research also was behind Ahmed Shafik's sudden breakthrough into proctology in 1974.  While seeking new anatomical support for further simplified or new surgical methods for urinary continence, he was surprised to find that the anal sphincter mechanism was differing basically from the descriptions in scientific literature.  This revolutionary discovery, published in Investigative Urology,  was only the first step towards major changes in the anatomy of the anorectal region as resulted from subsequent intensified research into this area.  It is the merit of Ahmed Shafik's undeterred work that, mainly under the title of 'A New Concept of the Anatomy of the Anal Sphincter Mechanism and the Physiology of Defecation',  more than  200 communications introduced a series of new embryologico-anatomical and physiological entities, shedding new light on the geneses and treatment of rectal pathologies such as rectal prolapse, incontinence, hemorrhoids, fissure, fistula, pruritus, and congenital anomalies, and extending even to some urinary manifestations such as urethral discharge and urinary E-coli infections.   To date, Ahmed Shafik has described more than 40 new syndromes in medical science and a constantly increasing number of new surgical techniques.  He was awarded the Egyptian State Prize for Science and Arts,  1st  Class,  in 1977, and was honored for the best presentation in Congress at various scientific events.